T Giong Hat Em!

_____Ngo Thuy Mien

Nghe Sy- Tac Pham, Cuoc i

Vietnamese Singer Profiles- Life & Achievement

Tac pham-Music Selection Accomplishment

Tieng th NGUYEN CH THIEN


Giao s Nguyen Ngoc Bch

Trong Hoa a Nguc co mot bai th, "em rng, mot tieng chim," ma toi ngh mo ta kha ung nhng luc Nguyen Ch Thien lam th. Ong lam th trong em toi, trong lao lung cua nguc tu, chnh ngay trong luc "Ngi lnh i tuan pin lap loa / Trong xa lim tieng ga ien la." Chnh trong luc ay ong mi "nam khong ong nghe t ta / Mang i nien thieu lang troi qua / au om lao tu thui chet ca" e roi "Bao bup xanh long mi nhu ra."

Th lam trong khung canh nh vay th hien nhien khong the la loai th cua con chim "nga co hat chi" c. Chnh ong a nh ngha trong hai bai th mang tnh cach ac biet cua th ong:

TH CUA TOI

Th cua toi khong co g la ep
Nh cp vo, cum kep, mau ho lao
Th cua toi khong co g la cao
Nh chet choc, mo hoi, bang sung
Th cua toi la nhng g kinh khung
Nh ang, oan, nh lanh tu, trung ng

Th cua toi kem phan tng tng
No thc nh tu, nh oi, nh au thng
Th cua toi ch e am dan thng
Nhn thau suot tim en phng quy o.

(1975)

Khong the ro hn c, mot li tuyen ngon th nh the! Ay vay ma khi th cua ong mi ra ngoai nay, chuyen lau t trong nc ra, a co ngi ong eo che bai rang o nao phai la th. Th chnh ong Nguyen Ch Thien au co noi g khac: Troe L) e a ra nhng hnh anh lang man hoac tha hon theo "Tieng sao Thien Thai."

Khong, sau cach mang Th Mi thi Huy Can - Xuan Dieu - The L - Lu Trong L, th Viet Nam a trai qua mot cuoc cach mang th hai. Th Khang Chien a mang th i tm ve Dan Toc, nh trong th Hoang Cam, i phuc vu cuoc song, cach mang, cuoc chien, tham ch oi khi n hen en o phuc vu ca mu o cua mot ang, mot lanh tu va nhng cha ong, nhng "ai thu" cua v lanh tu o. o la trng hp cua nhng "boi but" ma Nguyen Ch Thien ha cho hai cau ch ang:

Cac loai boi eu vo c b o danh
Bi ong ban cung nganh co hoc co hanh
han hoi la boi but!

Ngi ta ngh ngay en To Hu, song Nguyen Ch Thien, mot chien s cua T Do, a khon kheo khong e mnh b loi cuon vao mot cuoc tay oi vi hang boi. Do o ong khong anh nham muc tieu, khong i gay vi bon bo ha - va lai au phai ch co mot mnh To Hu la boi but - ma nham nhng mui ten cua ong vao thang tim cua muc tieu:

Hom nay 19-5
Toi nam
Toan lam th chi Bac
Van th mi hi phang phac

Th toi thoi.
Toi ngh Bac
Chnh tr gia sot rac
Khong ang e toi
o mo hoi
Lam th
Du la th chi Bac
en thang Mac
To s Bac!

Cung cha c toi nguech ngoac vai cau!
Thoi hi au
Mac thay bon van s co au
Vuot rau, xoa au, mn trn Bac
The roi toi i lam viec khac
Ke cha Bac!

(1964)

ay ta ci nhng ngh cho cung, Viet Nam ma ch oc bai nay len cung u o mo hoi hot roi, noi g en viet ra bai th th tu mut mua cung khong co g la la. Do o nen Nguyen Ch Thien khong ngoa khi ong cho rang lam th trong the gii cua ong ang luc bay gi la co the nguy en tnh mang:

Du ngan muon hong sung en x
Phuc on tren ng thien ly
Ta dam song, va ta dam ngh
Chuyen dam lam, dam chet nhe au khong
Ta se danh cho s thanh cong
Bao boi cuoi cung - mang song.

(Trch bai "at tham," 1976)

Noi cach khac, lam th oi vi Nguyen Ch Thien la mot thai o song ch khong phai ch la chap ch, chon ch, i tm van vo nghe cho no hay ho. Tuy nhien, ta se nham vo cung khi ta ngh rang Nguyen Ch Thien khong biet g ve ky thuat th, ve cac the loai th va cong dung cua chung, ve nhng van e nh chon ch hay la van. Nghien cu th ong, ta se thay khong thieu vang mot the th nao ang ke cua Viet Nam: th bon ch, th nam ch, th bay ch, th tam ch, th luc bat, th t do... Va the nao ong cung co nhng bai xuat sac:

Th 5 ch

Ngoai kho oi rung mnh
Thi ai Ho-Ch-Minh
Xuat hien di hai hnh
Ma tu va ma lnh!
Th 7 ch

Trong tu tnh cam de ong ao
Than thch con thua ieu thuoc lao
An ngha mong hn t bao cao
T cach tha cm anh lon nhao.

Th 7-7-6-8

Bien the

SUAT CM TOI

Suat cm toi mot hom anh o
Toi con ng au kho nhn theo
Th nhanh nh mot an heo
Bon, nam au bac dam treo len nhau
Boc an mot luc sach lau
Mieng cm, mieng at, lau bau chi nhau.

(1966)

Th luc bat cua ong tng oi t mac dau o la mot the th pho bien cua ca dao, cua th dan toc. Phai chang v the luc bat la mot the rat tr tnh ma th ong, nhng e tai trong th ong rat khong tien e dien at trong mot giong tr tnh? Tuy nhien, khi co mat luc bat cua Nguyen Ch Thien cung khong kem Kieu bao xa:

em nay ong a tran ve
Tng cn gio lanh, tai te at tri
Rng cay trut la bi bi
Non xa lanh vang, sao tri m sng
Tranh long nh ti que hng
Cach xa ke a gio sng may mua...

(Trch bai "em nay," 1962)

The chu yeu trong th Nguyen Ch Thien la th t do ma ong dung en o nhuan nhuyen. Ong khong mi cot e tm cai mi. Mac dau vay, ong cung khong t khc s th nghiem nh trong bai 7 ch sau ay:

CAY: GIO TI

Cay: Gio ti dat dao ve vuot
em: Trang hien len muot thng soi
Nui: Bang khuang may lt xoa au
Lau: Nc tam than hen ru vo
Am: Vach a ngan dai vang lai
Toi: Chiec bong in xu tren bai.

(1960)

Ngha la t rat sm (1960) ong a nam c ky thuat lam th khac ngi xa. Ong khong ngan ngai tm ca nhng van b hiem, loai goi la b van - ty nh van "uc." Ay vay ma ong cung lam c mot bai dai 8 cau 4 ch vi van o:

LANH TU

Lanh tu beo nuc
Dan en gay ruc
Lao ong hung huc
Hop hanh lien tuc
oi an khac phuc
Keu ca tong nguc!
Cong san anh guc
i mi het nhuc!

(1962)

Th cua ong la th au tranh, th hanh ong, th khong thuoc loai cho phep chung ta ngoi nga lng ra ang sau ma "thng thc" nh mot cuon phim tren man anh. Th cua ong la mot loai th thoi thuc, ch thc mot loai th co thep nh Ho Ch Minh a tng m c - ma roi khong bao gi thc hien c.

Ho Ch Minh cung co mot tap th viet trong tu song viet bang ch Han (ngha la khong Viet Nam) mang ten Nguc Trung Nhat Ky. Co ngi cho rang ay la mot tap th an cap, nhng ay ta hay tam gac chuyen o sang ben va th em so sanh th tu cua ho Ho vi th tu cua ho Nguyen. Th hoi, ai sau khi a oc Hoa a Nguc ma con muon oc tap th kia na? Mot ben la s that va mot ben la chi ch, th hoi ben nao se trng ton?

Xa o Phu ben Tau ch co may bai th nh "Thach hao lai" va "Tan an lai" noi ve nan bat lnh ma ngi i a cho la th ong ay tnh nhan ban, ay long thng cam vi nhng thanh phan thap co be hong. Tha Quy V, so vi th ho o th gan 400 bai trong Hoa a Nguc eu la nhng bai th noi len than phan cua ngi dan thng, cua nhng con ngi vo danh khong bao gi i vao lch s nen nhng che o oc tai, chuyen che mi dam an ap thang tay, khong thng tiec, khong gm tay. Th Nguyen Ch Thien con tran ngap mot long thng xot cho que hng nguc tu, trong o con ngi khong ln len c: hnh anh oi ret trong th ong tuy thc ay song van ch la mot bieu tng. Y ong, toi ngh, la muon noi: neu con ngi ngay em sang toi ch b day vo bi co mot y ngh la mieng cm th con au th gi lam cai g cao xa hn nh van hoa, lam g con cho cho tnh ngi. o la cai hoa phi-nhan-ban-hoa ca mot dan toc. Co le v vay ma th cua ong gan gui chung ta: nhng ieu chung ta mi cam thay vu v th ong a thot nen li. Cong them vao o long khao khat t do, mot noi dung rat mi cua th Viet Nam, cha trach Nguyen Ch Thien a tr thanh tieng noi, tieng long cua chung ta, cua ca mot dan toc.

Hoa a Nguc gi ay co the noi la tap th Viet Nam c nhieu ngi thuoc nhat trong the ky 20. Roi ay, di nhng dang pho nhac - cua Pham Duy, cua Tran Lang Minh... - tap th se con c biet en dai dai va nhng bai nh "Du i toi" (Tran Lang Minh) hay "Se co mot ngay" (Pham Duy) chac chan se bay i khap a cau va ve que nha e tr thanh nhng tieng trong lenh cho giai oan ti cua cach menh Viet Nam, cach menh lat o bao quyen Cong San e tra lai T Do, Dan Chu va Nhan Quyen cho 75 trieu dan Viet Nam.

Trong no lc o, toi xin tnh nguyen va hanh dien lam mot ngi lnh mang la Nguyen Ch Thien i khap 5 chau. Neu bai bao cua toi trong Asia Week vao thang 7 nam 1982 la bai bao au tien gii thieu th Hoa a Nguc trong tieng Anh en vi the gii th nhng ban dch cua toi va cua ong Huynh Sanh Thong Yale cung a giup mang th Nguyen Ch Thien sang cac nc Cong San cu (nh Jachym Topol dch th ong t ban tieng Anh cua toi sang tieng Tiep t 1989.) Chnh thi s c biet, qua mot ngi chau i du hoc Nam Kinh, la th vien Trung Cong hien cung co th Nguyen Ch Thien dch sang tieng Trung Hoa (in ai Loan). Va gan ay nhat, mi cach ay hn mot thang, vao ngay 20 thang 10-1995, tai Nhac vien cua thanh pho Klagenfurt, Ao quoc, Tien s Guenter Mattitsch, mot nhac s noi danh cua Ao, a cho trnh dien 14 bai th Nguyen Ch Thien do ong pho nhac da tren ban dch Echo aus dem Abgrund, tc Tieng Vong T ay Vc, cua Tien s Bui Hanh Nghi c. Va nh ta c biet, Nguyen Ch Thien a c giai th quoc te Hoa Lan va Giai T Do cua Trung Tam Van But Hoa Ky. Ong cung con la hoi vien danh d cua nhieu Trung Tam Van But tren the gii trong o co Trung Tam Phap, Trung Tam Thuy ien va Trung Tam Nhat. Nh vay ta co the khang nh va tin tng rang thong iep Hoa a Nguc se con nhieu c hoi i xa, i rat xa. Neu c s tiep tay cua Quy V chnh chung toi cung se cho ra mat nay mai, vi s thoa thuan cua tac gia, mot tuyen tap o so dch sang tieng Anh chng 3/4 toan bo tap Hoa a Nguc.

Arlington, VA

26-XI-1995

Trong thi gian qua, thay v danh thi gi e cha benh, Thi s Nguyen Ch Thien a i khap cac tieu bang Hoa Ky, nhng ni co ong ngi Viet c ngu, theo ong, e bay to long tri an ti toan the ong bao a tch cc ho tr ong di moi hnh thc. iem ang chu y la ni nao ong cung c on tiep that nong nhiet.

Theo cho chung toi biet, v tnh trang sc khoe khong cho phep, ong a phai khc t li mi cua nhieu oan the, hiep hoi cua ngi Viet cung nh ngoai quoc cac quoc gia tren the gii, nhng ong a nhan li tham d ai Hoi Van But c c to chc tai c vao thang thang 6 nam 1996 v ong la Hoi Vien Danh D cua to chc nay.

Ngoai ra, chung toi con c biet them la Trung Tam Van But Viet Nam Hai Ngoai a e bat tap th Hoa a Nguc con co ta la Tieng Vong T ay Vc d tranh giai Nobel Van Chng nam 1994. Mac du khong oat giai nhng a gay c mot tieng vang sau rong tren khap the gii.